INDEPENDENT PRACTICES OF THERAPISTS: Each listed psychotherapist is independently licensed to practice psychotherapy and is engaged in solo private practice. Each is exclusively responsible for his or her own professional practice. None are responsible for the professional practices or actions of any of the others. There are no formal professional affiliations between or among the psychotherapists, that is, no partnership, no joint ownership, no joint enterprise, no joint venture and no common entity that employs all or some of them. The therapists advertise together on this website for the sole purpose of together marketing and providing information to the public about the similar but formally unrelated services they offer.